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How to use EventBus for communication between a service and an activity in Kotlin Android

How to use EventBus for communication between a service and an activity in Kotlin Android.

Here's a detailed step-by-step tutorial on how to use EventBus for communication between a service and an activity in Kotlin Android.

Step 1: Add EventBus Library

First, you need to add the EventBus library to your project. Open your app-level build.gradle file and add the following dependency:

implementation 'org.greenrobot:eventbus:3.2.0'

Sync your project to ensure the library is successfully added.

Step 2: Create Event Classes

Next, you need to create event classes that will be used to pass data between the service and activity. These classes will serve as the data models for your events. For example, let's create a simple event class called DataEvent:

class DataEvent(val data: String)

You can add any additional properties or methods to your event classes as per your requirements.

Step 3: Register and Unregister EventBus

In your activity, you need to register and unregister EventBus to receive events. In your activity's onCreate() method, register EventBus as follows:

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {


And in your activity's onDestroy() method, unregister EventBus to avoid memory leaks:

override fun onDestroy() {


Step 4: Listen for Events

To receive events in your activity, you need to create a method annotated with @Subscribe and specify the event type you want to listen for. For example, let's create a method to handle DataEvent:

@Subscribe(threadMode = ThreadMode.MAIN)
fun onDataEvent(event: DataEvent) {
// Handle the data event here

Make sure the method is public and has the desired event type as its parameter.

Step 5: Post Events from Service

To send events from your service to the activity, you can use the EventBus.getDefault().post() method. For example, let's post a DataEvent from your service:

val dataEvent = DataEvent("Hello, EventBus!")

You can post events from any method or callback within your service.

Step 6: Subscribe to Events in Activity

Now, when the event is posted from the service, your activity's onDataEvent() method will be invoked automatically, allowing you to handle the event.

Additional Features

EventBus provides additional features like event priorities, sticky events, and thread modes for handling events. You can explore these features as per your requirements by referring to the EventBus documentation.

That's it! You have successfully implemented communication between a service and an activity using EventBus in Kotlin Android.